Evidence for the importance of `small’ faults on block rotation

first_imgField and earthquake data are presented which show that small faults can be important during block rotation. `Small’ here means those faults which are at least an order of magnitude smaller than the largest faults at a particular scale of observation. The NW–SE-trending dextral faults of SW England have millimetres to kilometres of displacement. The largest of these faults, such as the Sticklepath–Lustleigh fault, do not appear to cause more than a few degrees of rotation from the general E–W strike of beds. Tens of degrees of rotation are often visible, however, on faults with millimetres of displacement. Similarly, the apparent rotation of beds in the Badajoz–Cordoba Shear Zone, Spain, increases as the resolution of the faults is increased. The power-law scaling relationship of earthquake magnitudes in the San Andreas fault zone illustrates that small faults can also be important in regions of active block rotation. `Small’ faults can allow deformation within rotating blocks and can allow high displacement gradients to occur on the block-bounding faults. This would reduce the need for void creation, which is a requirement of rigid block rotation models. A tentative model is presented which incorporates the concept that fault behaviour is fractal, emphasising the contribution of small faults. It is suggested that future studies of block rotation should rigorously test the contribution of `small’ faults, and that particular care is needed when comparing palaeomagnetic data with regional-scale structures.last_img

USNS Comfort Sails to Final CP15 Mission Stop in Haiti

first_img September 11, 2015 USNS Comfort Sails to Final CP15 Mission Stop in Haiti Share this article U.S. Navy hospital ship USNS Comfort will anchor off the Haitian coast today, marking its final Continuing Promise 2015 mission stop with an opening ceremony.Since April, the U.S. Southern Command hospital ship has taken a team of U.S. military medical and construction personnel, private-aid organizations and partner-nation officials to 11 Latin American and Caribbean nations, treating more than 100,000 patients and performing community-assistance projects.The ship visited Belize, Colombia, Dominica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Nicaragua and Panama, according to Defense Department officials.Haiti is the final mission stop, but the ship will also stop at Naval Station Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, for a two-day port visit, and Naval Station Mayport, Florida, for a one-day visit after it leaves Haiti on its return to homeport, according to U.S. Naval Forces Southern Command/U.S. Fourth Fleet sources.While in Haiti, sailors from the ship will demonstrate the Continuing Promise 2015 mission and capabilities to its Haitian hosts, and administer medical and dental care to Haitian patients, while surgeries will be performed onboard.[mappress mapid=”16903″]Image: US Navy View post tag: americas View post tag: CP15 Back to overview,Home naval-today USNS Comfort Sails to Final CP15 Mission Stop in Haiti View post tag: Mission Stop View post tag: Haiti View post tag: USNS Comfort Authoritieslast_img read more

Indiana’s Lazor Wins Gold, Miller Takes Silver at Pan American Games

first_imgIndiana’s Lazor Wins Gold, Miller Takes Silver at Pan American Games LIMA, Peru – Indiana University postgrad swimmer Annie Lazor captured gold in the women’s 100m breaststroke on Tuesday night at the 2019 Pan American Games in Lima, Peru.Lazor earned the gold medal in the event with a time of 1:06.94. Swimming for Team USA, Lazor will also compete in the 200m breaststroke and relays later this week.In the B Final of the women’s 100m breaststroke, postgrad Laura Morley finished third with a time of 1:11.00 to take 11th overall. Morley will also swim the 200m breast, 200m IM and relays for Team Bahamas this week.In the A Final of the men’s 100m breaststroke, Hoosier postgrad Cody Miller took home the silver medal, touching second with a time of 59.57. Miller was just out-touched at the wall by Brazil’s Joao Gomes, who won gold in 59.51.The 100m breaststroke will be Miller’s only individual event at the Pan American Games, but he should be a vital member of Team USA’s relays this week.The 2019 Pan American Games will continue through Saturday, Aug. 10 in Lima, Peru. Prelims start each morning at 12:00 p.m. ET, with finals each night at 9:30 p.m. ET.Be sure to keep up with all the latest news on the Indiana men’s and women’s swimming and diving teams on social media – Twitter, Facebook and Instagram. FacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmailSharelast_img read more

Starbucks ramps up Fairtrade commitment

first_imgStarbucks USA plans to double its purchase of Fairtrade Certified coffee to 40 million pounds in 2009. This is part of a new initiative between Starbucks, Transfair USA and Fairtrade Labelling Organisations International (FLO) to support small-scale coffee farmers and would make Starbucks the largest purchaser of Fairtrade Certified coffee in the world.“We strongly believe that by working together, Starbucks and the Fairtrade Labelling Organizations International can accomplish so much more for coffee farmers and the coffee industry,” said Howard Schultz, Starbucks chairman, president and chief executive officer. “By doubling our commitment to Fairtrade Certified and scaling up our global partnership, we have a unique opportunity to further reinforce our ongoing efforts to benefit farmers and communities.”Starbucks also aims to expand its work with Fairtrade farmers, by leveraging Starbucks Farmer Support Centres in Costa Rica and Africa, as well as current investments in programmes that provide farmers access to credit. Transfair USA and FLO will join Conservation International as key partners in the Starbucks Shared Planet commitment to ethical sourcing.last_img read more

‘Britain only’ button to be introduced?

first_imgTalks are under way that could make it easier for online grocery shoppers to only buy British products, a minister has said.Environment minister George Eustice said in a Westminster debate that he was in talks with the National Farmers’ Union (NFU) about the labelling system for food online.This week Conservative MPs urged the government to introduce a button to press while food shopping online “so that you can just choose from British products”.The comments came during a Westminster Hall debate on the future of food labelling, where Eustice also said ministers were looking at using trademark laws to improve the labelling of Angus beef.Conservative MP Rebecca Pow (Taunton Deane) said: “I would like to raise the subject of labelling on online shopping, because often, if one wants to shop online, one doesn’t know whether it’s British food or not.“Would there be a way that we could consider having a button to press when you do your online shop so that you can just choose from British produce? Surely that’s really going to help us as we leave the EU?”Fellow Tory Julian Sturdy (York Outer), who led the debate, said: “I applaud that and I think it’s an excellent idea. I hope the minister certainly takes that point on board.”At the end of the debate, Eustice said: “She raised the issue of online shopping. Just briefly, I can say that we are discussing this with the NFU and it may be one of the ways that we can avoid voluntary principles.”Eustice also said he would like to see improvements such as mutual recognition for food names and also protected geographical indication (PGI) status (to include products such as Cornish pasties) that are currently protected. He said: “We’re looking at whether we could use trademark regulations to develop brands in other areas.”last_img read more

The Southern Belles Release “L.A. Moves” From Upcoming Album

first_imgThe Southern Belles energetic blend of southern-style psychedelic rock and roll has earned them fans from coast to coast, with the quartet—composed of Adrian Ciucci (guitar/vocals), Tommy Booker (keys/vocals), Aaron Zarrow (drums/vocals) and Mikey Sellemi—regularly hitting the road and bringing their high-octane performances to eager audiences across the country. On August 5th, The Southern Belles will independently release their third studio album dubbed In The Middle Of The Night. Yesterday, the band premiered the first track from the new release through Sirius Jam On, called “L.A. Moves.” Today, Live For Live Music is excited to share the single. “LA Moves” is the third track on the new album, from the A side of the record.Says guitarist Adrian Ciucci about the new track, “‘LA Moves’ has been in the live rotation for many years, so as a song it’s grown with the band. It fit perfectly with the concept of the album and we’re all really excited to get a studio version of it out into the world.”Since 2012, The Southern Belles have been spreading their psychedelic jams up and down the east coast. With two albums under their belt, the band went into The Ward recording studio with plenty of fresh ideas, and what would eventually become the full concept of In the Middle of the Night. Recorded and produced by Bryan Walthal and Rich Stine, the album recounts a journey of self-discovery; a reflection on the trials of life with an uplifting and hopeful vision into the future. The music is similarly expansive, ranging from hard-edged indie rock and progressive metal to danceable, funky jams and melodic, beautiful harmonies. The first single, “LA Moves,” is a particularly good representation of the album as it spans the varying facets of the album and shows what the band is capable of. Check it out below:The Southern Belles are currently heading south for a date in Berryville, Virginia’s Pasture Palooza on July 14th. A week later on July 21st and 22nd, the band will hit Wilmington, North Carolina, and Savannah, Georgia, respectively. A three-night run across Florida falls across the last weekend in July as the group gears up to close out their tour. With dates across Charleston, South Carolina; Ashville, North Carolina; and Blacksburg, Virginia, the tour comes to a head on Saturday, August 5th, with a performance at Richmond, Virginia’s Broadberry, which will also serve as the album release party for In The Middle Of The Night.You can check out the full dates for the tour on the poster below, which features artwork from Leslie Herman. You can also head over The Southern Belle’s website to check out the dates and pre-order their latest studio effort before it is released to the public on August 5th.The Southern Belles Upcoming 2017 Tour DatesFriday 7/14 -Berryville VA – Pasture PaloozaFriday 7/21 – Wilmington NC – The WhiskeySaturday 7/22 – Savannah GA – Barrelhouse SouthFriday 7/28 Sanford, FL – West End Trading Co.Saturday 7/29- Dunedin FL – Dunedin BrewerySunday 7/30 – Jupiter FL – Guanabana’sWednesday 8/2 – Charleston SC – Charleston Pour HouseThursday 8/3 -Asheville NC – One SpotFriday 8/4 – Blacksburg VA – Steppin’ Out FestSaturday 8/5 – Richmond VA – Broadberry (album release show)Saturday 8/12 – Capon Bridge WV – La La Landlast_img read more

Reischauer Institute seeks papers

first_imgThe Edwin O. Reischauer Institute of Japanese Studies seeks submissions for its 2011 Noma-Reischauer Prizes in Japanese Studies, given to the undergraduate and graduate students with the best essays on Japan-related topics. The submission deadline is June 20, by 5 p.m., and $1,500 will be awarded for the best graduate student essay and $1,000 for the best undergraduate student essay.Papers written this academic year are eligible, including course and seminar papers, B.A. or M.A. theses, or essays written specifically for the competition. Doctoral dissertations are excluded from consideration. For application guidelines and further information.last_img

Everywhere you look, flu

first_imgGAZETTE: Should everyone get a flu shot?GRAD: It’s recommended that everyone 6 months or older who does not have contraindications should get vaccinated.GAZETTE: Why is it not as effective as the measles and chicken pox vaccines, in which you get your shot and your booster and you’re done? Is it because the virus mutates quite a bit, so it’s never exactly the same virus?GRAD: That’s one of the traditional explanations and one that certainly seems to be the case, as the flu evolves from season to season. What you’re trying to do is immunize against an evolving population of viruses. But it’s also the case that people may not develop responses against the right part of the vaccine virus and so the response that you generate may not effectively protect against what’s circulating. It may also be that the different strains that we use in the vaccine vary in their ability to elicit a protective immune response. So we think there are different components to why the vaccine may not work.GAZETTE: Is this something that we can improve on or are we stuck with this because the flu virus mutates so much and the different strains create a complex flu landscape?GRAD: We’re not stuck with it. It’s an active area of research and people are working toward a universal influenza vaccine. The idea is that it’ll take the guesswork out of predicting which influenza strains will circulate each year and thus protect us against multiple different flu strains. There is currently a universal flu vaccine in clinical trials and a number of companies are working on other types of universal influenza vaccine. Secondary drug could delay resistance to stockpiled medication GAZETTE: Any predictions for the rest of this season? It seems like it’s fairly early. Should folks be on their guard?GRAD: I think there’s the classic line, “It’s very hard to make predictions, particularly about the future.” That said, most models predict that the season will peak this month. An important point is that it’s not too late to get a flu vaccine — the influenza season will likely continue for another few months.GAZETTE: If you’ve gotten the flu already this season, are you safe or can you potentially get it again?GRAD: Since multiple types of flu are circulating and causing disease, even if you’ve been infected with one type of influenza, you could still benefit from a vaccine to protect against infection by the others. And unless you’ve been tested, you probably don’t know for sure whether you’ve had the flu. Outwitting mutating flu during a pandemic Chance for advance warning in search-based tracking method Flu’s coming, but which kind? Yonatan Grad, an assistant professor of immunology and infectious disease at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, has seen up close what the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention confirms: We are in the middle of a nasty flu season. A flu shot still makes sense, Grad noted, even if the results don’t match the effectiveness of vaccination against other ailments. “A vaccine doesn’t have to be perfect to be helpful,” he said. “It is better to have some benefit than none.”Q&AYonatan GradGAZETTE: How does this flu season stack up?GRAD: It is a bad season but it’s a bad season on par with what we expect from the type of flu that is circulating. There are two main types of influenza that infect humans and cause disease: influenza A and influenza B, and within A there are subtypes H3N2 and H1N1, and then there are a couple of strains of B, all of which co-circulate. In a flu season, either H3N2 or H1N1 viruses dominate. The H3N2 seasons tend to be more severe, both in terms of the number of people who get infected and the severity of infection. And we are in an H3N2 year. Recent H3N2 years, like 2012‒2013 or 2014‒2015, have pretty similar numbers.GAZETTE: How well did this year’s vaccine match up with the composition of the viruses that are out there?GRAD: There’s been a lot of interest because there was an interim estimate from the season in Australia that suggested that the vaccine effectiveness there for the H3 component was around 10 percent. That seems particularly poor, though in most years the H3 component has a vaccine effectiveness of only around 40 percent.We don’t yet know what the case is in the U.S. It’s not clear if the same population of viruses is also here, so we are waiting to see what the vaccine effectiveness is in North America.The flu vaccine is intended to protect you in several ways: by reducing your likelihood of getting infected, by reducing the symptoms — the severity of disease — if you get infected, and by reducing the extent to which you are infectious. So it has many different potential benefits. Even though the vaccine effectiveness is not as high as what we see with, say, measles — which has a vaccine effectiveness of 95 to 98 percent — there is still a benefit. A vaccine doesn’t have to be perfect to be helpful — it is better to have some benefit than none.GAZETTE: According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the U.S. vaccination rate is under 50 percent. Would the shot be more effective if more people got it?GRAD: We think so. The idea is that you would have an increase in “herd immunity.” The more people are protected, the less likely it is that the influenza will spread in a population. So a higher uptake of the vaccine protects not only the people who are vaccinated, but also people around them who haven’t gotten the vaccine or who can’t get the vaccine for some reason. Related HSPH’s Lipsitch discusses seasonal, pandemic flu, other concerns The Daily Gazette Sign up for daily emails to get the latest Harvard news. On top of the flulast_img read more

ND community members demonstrate in South Bend against Trump executive order

first_imgHundreds of South Bend community members — including Notre Dame students, faculty and staff — attended a demonstration Sunday outside the Morris Performing Arts Center, in solidarity with immigrants and refugees affected by President Donald Trump’s recent executive order temporarily banning the entry of nationals of several Muslim-majority countries.The demonstration was organized by a group of Notre Dame faculty and staff, including Catherine Osborne, a postdoctoral fellow at the Cushwa Center for the Study of American Catholicism. Osborne said after protests against the executive order sprung up around the country Friday and Saturday, she kept an eye out for a demonstration in South Bend. When none emerged, she and associate professor of American studies Jason Ruiz decided to start one.“We figured we would just see what we got, and we knew there would be a lot of people who would want to do something practical because this is just such an emotional situation,” she said. The executive order, which Trump issued Friday, stopped visas from being issued to nationals of Iran, Iraq, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria and Yemen for 90 days, and to refugees of Syria indefinitely. It also banned all refugee entries for 120 days, required a review of visa adjudication processes and provided that refugees can be admitted on a case-by-case basis, especially if they are religious minorities.On Saturday, a judge ruled that refugees on their way to the U.S. when the order was issued could not be sent back to their home countries. Meanwhile, the order sparked protests across the country, including in South Bend.“It was pretty ad hoc and last minute, and we’re sure that there were a lot of people who would have liked to be here who didn’t hear about it in time, but this is an emergency situation,” Osborne said. The crowd gathered at 3:30 p.m. and chanted phrases like, “No ban, no wall.” Among the signs were “Immigrants are welcome here,” “No human is illegal” and “No matter where you are from, we’re glad you’re our neighbor,” in three languages.Among the demonstrators was 16-year-old Adams High School student Mahalha Chalulu and his parents. Chalulu said his family, who emigrated from Malawi, was there because the executive order was unfair. He said the turnout encouraged him.“I like the turnout, and it’s such a fun and empowering environment to walk with other people who agree with you and feel the same way,” he said. Sonja Mapes, a professor of mathematics at Notre Dame, came with her husband Gabor and daughter Nora, who made up the chant, “People are good.” Mapes said she attended in solidarity with colleagues and students who are from the countries Trump named in the order.“This is just disgraceful,” she said. “These are people who have oftentimes been educated and trained in the United States. There’s been U.S. money invested in educating and training these people and now we’re going to block them from our country coming in — I mean it’s just the stupidest thing ever. It’s just, it’s not right. And these people are having their lives upended because of this, they can’t accept job offers or they have accepted them and then they don’t know what to do because they don’t know if they’re going to actually be able to come.”Lukas Bobak, a Notre Dame sophomore, said the issue was close to him because his parents had emigrated from Poland during the communist era.“It’s not just refugees, it’s the idea of a mother, a father and a child who are forced to live in a place that is kind of messed up because of us, too,” he said. “It’s not just that the area has its own problems, the problems are amplified by what we do there, and it’s our responsibility especially being America the land of the free if we want to call it that and the land of immigrants that we can’t just close off how we’re doing. Especially with so many people so strongly opposed to it.”Hythem Sidky, a Ph.D. student in the department of chemical and biomolecular engineering, said the protest demonstrated American values.“I hope it will change the hearts and minds of people who are maybe closed-minded and show them that we’re all human beings, and it doesn’t matter where you’re born, where you grow up, what language you speak, what color your skin is, what religion you follow, or what your sexual preferences are — that we’re all human beings, and we all deserve the same rights,” Sidky said. Ruiz said the South Bend protest echoes the national movement against the executive order and that he was happy with Notre Dame’s recent official response to the ban.“I don’t speak for any group here, [but] I was personally very heartened that [University President] Fr. John Jenkins this morning made a public statement about ND’s stance that the President needs to rescind this order,” Ruiz said. “Notre Dame has a vested interest here. We benefit from international students, including students from the seven countries named by President Trump, so we would be foolish not to stand up against it.”Tags: demonstration, Donald Trump, executive order, Muslim, protestlast_img read more

Okemo Mountain Resort Names New Ski School Director

first_imgTim and Diane Mueller, owners of Okemo Mountain Resort are pleased to announce that Dan Bergeron has been named as the new Director of the Cutting Edge Learning Center. As the new director, Dan will oversee a staff of over 250 professional ski and snowboard instructors and all of Okemo’s award-winning Learning Center programs. Dan replaces Marty Harrison, who retired in April of 2002 and brings a wealth of experience and knowledge to his new position.Dan is no stranger to the ski industry or Okemo. In 1985 he began instructing at Okemo’s sister resort, Mount Sunapee (NH) and came to Okemo in 1991 as a full time instructor. Dan quickly moved up in “the ranks” and has most recently served as the Assistant Ski School Director and Learning Center Manager.”Dan has been a contributing element in the growth of Okemo’s award-winning Learning Center programs,” commented Diane Mueller, co-ownerof Okemo. “He reinforces our company’s vision and values and has sought to build a staff of professionals who truly enjoy teaching and place the emphasis on fostering a caring attitude, excellent communication skills and enthusiasm.”Dan’s credentials are just as impressive as his ability as an instructor. He is a member of the Professional Ski Instructors of America (PSIA) and received his Level 3 Certification in 1991. He formerly served on the PSIA Snowsports Management Committee and is a Divisional ClinicLeader.”Dan is a natural for the position”, added Bruce Schmidt, Okemo’s Director of Operations. “He is highly respected and regarded and looks to make some positive changes to enhance the growth and overall learning experience at Okemo.”During the off-season, Dan is the owner of djb design, a landscape architecture and consultation firm specializing in residential design projects located in Henniker, NH.last_img read more