Manuel said that evidence pointed to the fact that the child support grant, which is available to parents who earn less than R2 300 a month, has contributed significantly to a reduction in child poverty in South Africa. Twelve percent of public spending The government was therefore considering increasing the eligible age for the child support grant to 18 years of age, subject to affordability. Source: BuaNews According to the National Treasury, consolidated expenditure on social protection has increased from R72.3-billion (or 4.6 percent of GDP) in 2005/06 to a projected R118.1 billion (or 4.8 percent of GDP) in 2009/10. In addition, the extension of the state child support grant to children up to the age of 15 will also take effect this year, while the reduction in the qualifying age for old age grants for men, from 65 down to 60, is in progress. Proposals for this include longer-term public sector employment – such as home-based care and community health services – which is directly funded by departments and supported by targeted training and skills development. South Africa’s spending on social grants is set to increase to R80-billion for 2009/10, and will amount to about 12 percent of total government spending, making South Africa proportionally one of the world’s biggest spenders on social grants. “R4-billion is added to the school nutrition programme and R2.5-billion goes to municipalities for basic services.” Public works programmes In 2008, the EPWP provided over one-million temporary jobs, and the 2009/10 Budget tables an amount of R4.1-billion for the roll-out of the second phase of the programme. Spreading the net wider As of April 2009, the maximum values of the old age, disability and care dependency grants will rise by R50 to R1 010 a month, while the foster care grant and child support grant will also increase, by R30 to R680 and R10 to R240 a month, respectively. South Africa, proportionally one of the world’s biggest spenders on social grants, will spend an extra R13.2-billion on social security in 2009/10 to help protect poor South Africans during the global economic slowdown. “The largest adjustments to spending plans go to poverty reduction: R25-billion is added to the budgets of provinces, mainly for education and health care, and R13-billion for social assistance grants and their administration,” Manuel said. The minister challenged participating departments, provinces and municipalities to exceed their targets for creating Expanded Public Works Programme (EPWP) jobs in the year ahead, as the contingency reserve for 2009 had been increased to allow for additional funding of employment projects in the 2009 Adjustments Appropriation. Delivering his Budget speech in Parliament in Cape Town on Wednesday, Finance Minister Trevor Manuel said that strengthening the social security net – which supports in the region of 13-million South Africans – was “critical during this period, when more poor families are vulnerable”. The aim is to increase the number of full-year equivalent job opportunities to over 400 000 over the next five years, as well increase the duration of temporary jobs. 11 February 2009 Creating lasting employment was another critical factor as the country headed for economic turbulence, Manuel said.
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest The registration deadline for the Ohio Cattlemen’s Association (OCA) Roundup planned for Friday and Saturday, August 26 and 27 is quickly approaching and those interested in attending are encouraged to make plans to attend. The 2016 Roundup will be held at theOARDC Jackson Agricultural Research Station located at 019 Standpipe Road, Jackson, OH 45640.OCA is pleased to announce an addition to the Roundup’s Saturday, August 27 morning program. Speaking on behalf of the Donald J. Trump for President Campaign will be Charles W. Herbster, the national chairman of the Agricultural and Rural Advisory Committee for the campaign. Herbster, a noted Angus breeder and businessman from Nebraska, will be joined by Sam Clovis, national Chief Policy Advisor to the Trump campaign and Governor David Heineman, the longest serving governor of the state of Nebraska. They will present information on Donald Trump’s agricultural platform and answer questions.Friday, August 26 will feature the annual OARDC Jackson Agricultural Research Station’s Beef and Forage Field Night. Managing the young cow for profitability will be the primary focus of the program. Friday evening registration will occur from 4:00 – 5:00 p.m. and OCA Allied Industry Council (AIC) representatives will be present to talk with cattlemen. Dinner will be served starting at 5 p.m. Following dinner at 6 p.m., the program will feature speakers from The Ohio State University Department of Animal Sciences and the OSU Extension Beef Team.At the conclusion of the program Friday, all attendees are invited to attend the Roundup Social at Rowdy’s Smokehouse in Jackson, Ohio. The social will include music, food, drinks, and a shuttle service. The Friday evening social is sponsored by: United Producers, Inc., Boehringer-Ingelheim and Frazier Farms.Saturday morning registration begins at 7:30 a.m. at the nearby Jackson South View Elementary. Purina Animal Nutrition will sponsor breakfast for Roundup attendees and Saturday’s program is sponsored by Farm Credit Mid-America.Representatives from The Ohio State University Department of Animal Sciences will start things off with a department update and introduce new faculty that are focusing on beef cattle research and outreach programs for cattlemen. Attendees will also hear an update on plans for the new OSU beef facilities.A Washington, D.C. policy update will be provided by Colin Woodall, Vice President of Government Affairs, National Cattlemen’s Beef Association (NCBA). He will provide an election update and discuss the importance of trade and the passage of the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) to the beef industry and other issues important to cattle producers.An auction to benefit the NCBA and OCA Political Action Committees will take place on Saturday morning and will feature Ohio State football tickets and Coach Urban Meyer signed items.A ribeye steak sandwich lunch will be served by the Jackson County Cattlemen’s Association and is sponsored by Union Stock Yards. Following lunch, attendees will load the buses for the farm tours. The first tour stop will be the Spurlock farm, located near Oak Hill, and operated by father and son, Bob and Tyson Spurlock and their families. The second and final tour stop will be the Sonny Russ Farm, a family cattle backgrounding operation started in 1970. At approximately 4:30 p.m., attendees will return to OARDC and depart for home. August 15 is the registration deadline for the Roundup. Friday night is $10 per person for OCA members and non-members. The cost on Saturday is $25 for OCA members and $35 for non-members. All registrations at the door will be $35. For more information about the Roundup or to register call the OCA office at (614) 873-6736 or email [email protected] A full description of the schedule of events, online registration and a downloadable registration form can also be found at www.ohiocattle.org/Events-and-Programs/roundup. OCA appreciates the support from sponsors: Armstrong Ag & Supply, Boehringer-Ingelheim, Farm Credit Mid-America, Frazier Farms, Purina Animal Nutrition, Union Stock Yards and United Producers, Inc.
Tags:#Interviews#start 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… Related Posts About 18 months ago, we wrote about an obscure search startup from Germany called FAROO. We believed that its radical alternative, using peer-to-peer (P2P) technology, had a shot at being a real disruptive force. Today, it has made some progress, has raised some money and is getting out into the market. (Disclosure: FAROO is currently a ReadWriteWeb sponsor).FAROO is wisely underplaying P2P in its marketing, preferring more fashionable terms such as “real-time search” and “social discovery.” But the P2P technology drives it. So, we decided to invite someone who understands P2P at a technical level to interview Wolf Garbe, FAROO’s founder. Our tech expert, Kiril Pertsev, of Agily Networks, has already written about P2P for us in the past.Kiril: Why .NET? Did you already have development resources or did you make this choice because you consider it a better option for networked desktop applications? Would you make this choice again? And if you’re not satisfied with .NET, what would your platform of choice be, given all of your experience over the past few years?Wolf: I come from Delphi (Object Pascal). So, the choice of C#/.NET was a dedicated decision for a new platform, not driven by legacy. When I started to work on the first prototype in 2004, Delphi moved towards .NET. I preferred to go with the original, especially because the development of C# was led by Anders Hejlsberg, the designer of Borland’s Turbo Pascal (which Delphi derived from).Of course, I also looked into Java, which I found quite similar, both from the language perspective (C# vs. Java) and the JIT Runtime environment (Java Virtual Machine vs. .NET Runtime). The decision for C# was based on the dominating desktop market share of Windows and the assumption that embedding the .NET framework into the OS would ensure fast penetration of .NET. This only partially came true, partly due to the limited success of Vista, which was the first Windows version with .NET pre-installed.Kiril: Doesn’t this choice hinder your ability to move to Mac and Linux platforms.Wolf: We were betting on Mono for platform compatibility. Unfortunately, Mac OS X still has no Mono application launcher, other than starting with the terminal, which is not feasible for a mass market. With the increasing importance of the Mac OS X platform, I expect this to change. Silverlight today is already natively available for Mac.For the ultimate platform independence, we are also continually observing the diverse RIA developments (AJAX, AIR, Silverlight, Mozilla Prism, HTML 5 persistent web storage, Mozilla’s DOM storage, Google Gears and Flash persistent storage), which could one day allow us to remove the download and installation step for P2P. But so far, no solution meets all of the requirements: out-of-browser capability, permanent background operation, auto-start option, tray icon support, cross-domain connection support, persistent storage, accepting an incoming connection and receiving data and NAT traversal.Kiril: If you become dissatisfied with .NET, what would be your next platform of choice.Wolf: Although not everything went as expected, I still believe that .NET is a very powerful platform, and C# as a language is evolving at a much faster and broader pace than Java.Today, we have a good .NET penetration rate in the US and Europe. With Windows 7, I expect that to increase in Asia as well.Kiril: I see that you’re using a pretty simple P2P communication technology instead of sophisticated Hamachi-like NAT traversal using UDP hole punching.Wolf: I suppose you are referring to the transport layer, which is HTTP over TCP/IP. The real P2P overlay protocol on top of that is not that simple anymore.Because our distributed search engine system architecture breaks with almost all legacy paradigms, we thought it would be a good idea that it be at least based on proven and widely used standards wherever possible. There are several reasons for this:It reduces complexity and development time.It improves compatibility (there is probably no protocol more widely used than HTTP over Port 80).It’s unlikely that this connectivity will break anytime soon by changes in protocols, OS, drivers or hardware.Behaving like a standard browser from the protocol view makes the application less vulnerable to filtering, blocking or traffic shaping and ensures that it even works in most corporate environments.NAT traversal is the most critical issue for every P2P application. It’s really a shame that although the Internet is built on a distributed foundation, end-to-end connectivity between users in a decentralized way is completely broken. We are using several NAT traversal techniques: Manual Port Forwarding, Automatic Port Forwarding via UPnP and Teredo. Teredo is a IPv6 Tunneling technology, standardized according to RFC4380.Teredo is part of Windows XP, Vista, and Windows 7; with Miredo, there is also an open-source implementation for Linux and Mac OS X available. Microsoft reports that with Teredo, the chance of a connection between two peers increases from 15% to 84% (PDF link). Our observations are somewhere between 60% and 70%.Teredo is quite sophisticated technology and is a more universal approach. It provides connectivity at the OS level, in contrast to having several applications in use, where each uses its own proprietary traversal technology.Kiril: Could you please elaborate on choosing network technology, having achieved a substantial number of users and collecting usage statistics. Do you know how many active and passive peers you have at any given time? What is the ratio?Wolf: We have solid insight into the state of our P2P network. We know the number of active and passive peers on any given day (using the log from our update server). The active peer ratio is between 60 and 70%.We are also currently working on an improved distributed intraday statistic. (The distributed statistic currently built into the P2P client is not valid anymore for the increased network size. For scalability, every peer has only a limited view of the whole network, which requires more advanced methods for calculating the actual network size.)Kiril: Your search index essentially is a distributed storage system with DHT addressing, right?Wolf: Yes.Kiril: Have you thought about other uses of such technology, beyond search: back-up, private distributed storage, file-sharing, etc. (like Wuala)?In a publication from 2001 (in German), in which I also outlined the idea of a peer-to-peer search engine, this was part of an integrated solution with a P2P Web server, P2P file-sharing and a P2P anonymizer. Due to various legal copyright issues, we are currently not looking into file-sharing.But from a technological standpoint, a distributed storage system is quite universal, from storing a search engine index to attention data, Web pages, instant messages, social network profiles, micro-blogging messages, back-ups and files.Kiril: Could you please share your vision of the mythical “P2P operating system,” now that we already have P2P networking, P2P processing, P2P storage and P2P applications (like search).Wolf: P2P and distributed architectures are a universal principle that the whole Internet is built upon. Unfortunately, distributed technologies like Mail, IRC, Usenet and even independent Web servers are being increasingly replaced by centralized solutions (the cloud, Google Wave, etc.). Despite the obvious short-term convenience, this leads to long-term monopolies and dependencies and makes the Internet infrastructure more vulnerable in terms of reliability and political influence.I believe that a solid, standardized P2P stack integrated in the operating system can fix the broken end-to-end connectivity between users, enabling the use of an endless amount of latent storage, memory, processor cycles and bandwidth.Distributed storage is certainly a core component, as is distributed processing to make more sense of all of the data.On top of this, there should be a distributed programming framework, which enables the development of distributed applications and the distribution and aggregations of tasks in a standardized manner (e.g. the distributed version of MapReduce/Hadoop is part of this).A distributed attention data repository, shared by all applications, but under full user control.There should be resource management that puts the user in full control of the amount of resources she or he would like to dedicate to a particular distributed project—possibly combined with a ratio system and/or virtual currency to maintain a healthy usage to contribution ratio.Distributed identity management and authentication, authorization and access control.This could replace most of the centralized cloud solutions by delivering the same convenience and scalability in a decentralized way.BOINC (the universal distributed processing platform where [email protected] runs today) goes partially in that direction.This is partially because the peers contribute, by taking tasks from a centralized server and providing results back to this server. But this system is not fully distributed, nor are the results intended to be used by the peers themselves.Kiril: Do you encounter scalability issues? Do you have any single point of failure resources in your P2P network? How reliable is it—meaning, what percentage of the network could you lose without seriously degrading search quality and performance?Wolf: We have scaled the P2P network in a controlled way. While we have made some scalability-related adjustments to our P2P protocol, the core algorithms proved that there are no inherent scalability limits. Due to our fully distributed architecture, we have no single point of failure.We have twenty-fold redundancy of each item, which replicates automatically if peers leave the network. Only if all 20 copies of the item are removed at the same time would this piece of information be lost. This leads to a mean information lifetime of 120 years under realistic churn (i.e. the peers randomly joining and abandoning the network temporarily or permanently). This is more than sufficient for search, where 50% of the information changes during the year (and is therefore refreshed anyway at a much higher rate).Kiril: Do you think that “mobile P2P” is feasible? What would you say about implementing P2P search (or any other application) on, say, the iPhone? Are mobile terminals ready for P2P? Are cell networks ready? Do they have enough CPU power, etc?Wolf: Today, we distinguish between mobile connectivity and landlines. But I believe this separation will fade away. Device performance, bandwidth and flat-rate pricing structures will become close. While today, processor cycles, memory and bandwidth in mobile phones are too precious for wide use of P2P applications, this will change. Even “walling off” tendencies and restrictive App Store policies will be liberated by regulation or user demand.But much more interesting than bringing file-sharing to the iPhone will be P2P applications that use mobility, possibly combined with GPS, distributed camera/augmented reality and RFID. This will bring P2P technology into completely new application fields. Think of distributed traffic control (peers could be users with iPhones in cars or the cars themselves) or applications to lead crowds of people at large public events or in disaster zones, as well as gaming, distributed weather and earthquake prognosis.Bluetooth could even make this independent of cell networks. Global communication between peers would be asynchronous through moving people. Also, cell network and Bluetooth mashups would be possible.In the near future, we will provide Web access to our P2P Web search for mobile users. They will just be passive users of the resources contributed by active PC users.Kiril: What is your vision of the P2P road map? Apparently, the first “killer P2P application” was file-sharing, Kazaa, then BitTorrent. Given that the next one is search, what would be the next after that?Wolf: As I mentioned, instead of another isolated P2P application, I would like to see P2P built into the OS and Internet stack in a standardized manner. So that an application can benefit from P2P without any specific effort, in the same easy and natural way that applications today use the Internet (HTTP, AJAX and JSON).Then, P2P technology would become ubiquitous and part of almost every application. Every application that uses cloud services today could benefit from such P2P technology. An example would be a distributed platform for micro-blogging services and social networks, heralding the end of walled gardens.But my personal vision is to combine P2P with the next thing after search. Twenty years ago, I wrote a small expert system on my C64 (today, a C64 emulator is on the iPhone!), using Predicate Logic and an Eliza-style natural-language interface. So, you could tell the system, “All cats have claws. All tigers are cats.” And then you could ask the system, “Do tigers have claws?” And it would answer, “Yes!” You could retrieve information and relationships that were not explicitly stored (or that anyone was even aware existed).At that time I had to enter every bit of information manually. Today, almost all information on earth is accessible on the Internet, together with comments and conversation streams.Predicate logic would be supported by fuzzy logic, statistical machine learning and more. Today, known translations are used to translate untranslated text. But this could be much more universal: using known connections in one field to explain unknown correlations in another. Such a system could autonomously formulate queries, combine facts, fill in the missing link in a theory to prove or falsify it.So, I think the next step after search will be reasoning; and in combination with P2P technology and distributed processing, this may bring us a kind of global brain. A brain that not only stores and retrieves information but that is capable of cognition and conclusion at a giant scale. It will discover hidden correlations and unknown facts and will answer questions with answers that cannot be found in any document.You can see, this is much more HAL than the next Google.Kiril: What technical feature of your technology are you most proud of? 100+ patents must something.Wolf: Most crucial has been to ensure both a quick response time and complete results for queries with multiple terms and phrases (only 15% of searches are single keywords) in a completely distribute P2P architecture. For queries with multiple keywords, we eliminated the need for the intersection of huge posting lists across different peers.While we had to invent a lot of things—just because they hadn’t been done before in a way that was required for distributed search—they are not all patented (so, we don’t own 100+ patents). Prior to funding, this would have been impossible financially.Kiril: How is your real-time search related to the P2P search? Does it also run on a distributed network? If so, then how do peers communicate results to the front page of the FAROO website?Wolf: Currently, we use a hybrid architecture. While we are building up our P2P network and use it for general Web search, in parallel we use a central index for the real-time data. The focus on the most recent and popular Web pages keeps the costs moderate. Attention data collected by FAROO peers serves also for real-time discovery and ranking (in addition to analyzing the Twitter stream).But we believe in a holistic approach. Our real-time search will evolve into an integral part of Web search and be fully based on our P2P architecture. There will still be a gateway/proxy server that enables Web access to our P2P network for those users not able or ready to install a P2P client (e.g. for mobile). bernard lunn Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting
Key signings boost Global-Cebu roster Kammuri turning to super typhoon less likely but possible — Pagasa “Letran was well-prepared coming into this game,” said JRU coach Mia Tioseco. “Luckily for us, we were able to make adjustments midway through the second set.”JRU grabbed a share of fourth place with idle San Sebastian at 5-3 as the fight for a Final Four ticket intensifies.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSLillard, Anthony lead Blazers over ThunderSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutout“I always tell my players that we have a goal and that is to get into the Final Four.”—Mark Giongco, INQUIRER.NET Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH Shola Alvarez Photo by Tristan Tamayo / INQUIRER.netJose Rizal University bucked a bad start to beat Letran, 22-25, 28-26, 25-17, 25-16, and strengthen its bid for a Final Four spot in the NCAA Season 93 women’s volleyball tournament Wednesday at Filoil Flying V Centre.Shola Alvarez showed why she’s a legitimate MVP candidate with 30 points, the most by any player this season, to lead the Lady Bombers’ rally.ADVERTISEMENT Slow and steady hope for near-extinct Bangladesh tortoises LATEST STORIES Read Next MOST READ John Lloyd Cruz a dashing guest at Vhong Navarro’s wedding PH military destroys thousands of illegal guns, ammo PLAY LIST 01:00PH military destroys thousands of illegal guns, ammo01:42Cops track down 4 persons of interest in ambush of DOLE employee01:16Fourth and final crewman pulled alive from capsized ship01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC Globe Business launches leading cloud-enabled and hardware-agnostic conferencing platform in PH 2 ‘newbie’ drug pushers fall in Lucena sting NEXT BLOCK ASIA 2.0 introduces GURUS AWARDS to recognize and reward industry influencers Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. View comments
Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games03:07PH billiards team upbeat about gold medal chances in SEA Games05:25PH boxing team determined to deliver gold medals for PH03:04Filipino athletes share their expectations for 2019 SEA Games00:45Onyok Velasco see bright future for PH boxing in Olympics02:25PH women’s volleyball team motivated to deliver in front of hometown crowd01:27Filipino athletes get grand send-off ahead of SEA Games00:36Manny Pacquiao part of 2019 SEA Games opening ceremony FIl-German Christian Standhardinger split a charity but hurt his left hand in the process and had to sit out for a few precious minutes.Teerwat Chantachot made it 68-65 which forced Gilas to push the panic button and saw emotions running wild.Kobe Paras lashed at the referee and had a shouting match with Kevin Ferrer at the bench as the rest of the bench tried to pacify the 19-year-old sensation.In what was billed as preview of the finals, Gilas tried use its brimming individual talent to good use by putting up a quick 10-points lead, 22-12, the first quarter.But the shooting went sour in the second quarter as Gilas allowed Thailand’s Chitchai Anati and Chanatip Jakrawan to come away with crucial baskets.ADVERTISEMENT MOST READ View comments Robredo should’ve resigned as drug czar after lack of trust issue – Panelo Soon enough the Thais were ahead, 33-32, but Christian Standhardinger quickly gave Gilas back the lead entering the second half.Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Pagasa: Storm intensifies as it nears PAR Gilas cadets during a timeout against Thailand in the 2017 SEA Games basketball tournament. INQUIRER/ Marc Anthony ReyesKUALA LUMPUR—Under siege, Gilas Pilipinas relied on its individual brilliance — and not much on teamwork — to pull off an 81-74 victory over Thailand at the start of the 2017 Southeast Asian Games basketball tournament at MABA Stadium here.Kiefer Ravena sank a jumper and two free throws in the tension-filled last three minutes as the Philippines finally wiggled free from Thailand’s grip.ADVERTISEMENT Celebrity chef Gary Rhodes dies at 59 with wife by his side LATEST STORIES Vietnam shuts out PH in men’s football Ravena’s free throw gave the Philippines the lead, 73-71, with four minutes left and then his jumper gave it more breathing space, 75-71.Asean Basketball League star Tyler Lamb nailed a triple to give Thailand a 46-45 lead early in the third as Gilas encountered difficulty smoothing its offence despite the presence of some of the A-list players in its fold.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSBoxers Pacquiao, Petecio torchbearers for SEA Games openingBut Lamb picked up his fifth and final foul in the early fourth quarter which turned things around for the Philippines.In the third quarter, Thailand even held a 66-64 lead with seven minutes left in the game. Hotel says PH coach apologized for ‘kikiam for breakfast’ claim Lacson: SEA Games fund put in foundation like ‘Napoles case’ Ethel Booba on hotel’s clarification that ‘kikiam’ is ‘chicken sausage’: ‘Kung di pa pansinin, baka isipin nila ok lang’ Trump signs bills in support of Hong Kong protesters NATO’s aging eye in the sky to get a last overhaul